1. Sheepwool accounts for a large proportion in textile raw materials. The world sheepwool production is larger in Australia, the former Soviet Union, New Zealand, Argentina, China and so on. According to fineness and length, sheep wool can be divided into fine wool, semi-fine wool, long wool, hybrid wool and coarse wool.
The Romans mainly wore wool, linen, and leather for clothing. In AD 50, they set up a wool production center in what is now Winchester, England. Despite advances in wool finishing technology, wool began to have the greatest economic importance in the Middle Ages more than 10 centuries later. Annual wool fairs in European cities make wool the basis of international trade. Wool is the main export and economic driver of Britain and the Kingdom of Castile.
The process of making wool begins with shearing, usually in the spring, when the animals no longer need heavy coats to keep them warm. The newly cut wool is called raw wool, and although some mechanisation is available, it is still mostly done by hand
4. Before the invention of iron, wool was collected either by hand or by combing it with a copper comb. So the wool of capitalism is also pulled up. After the iron Age, the sheep were freed by the invention of scissors.
Wool fibers have good scales, which help the fibers adhere to each other. Wool is also an elastic fibre, which means that it is resistant to deformation and has the ability to return to its original shape.
Wool absorbs water and is flame retardant. Wool is often used in situations where flame retardant properties are very useful.
Curl describes the waviness or texture of wool. Merino wool can have 100 curls per inch. The scale is the surface roughness of the fiber. For example, hair scales are small and don't curl, so it's almost impossible to weave yarn because smooth straight hair doesn't create grip.
Wool contains lanolin, a natural wax produced with wool. It helps prevent moisture from reaching the skin surface.